The first World Humanitarian Summit will be held in Istanbul

The countdown has started for the first World Humanitarian Summit that will be held in Istanbul on May 23-24. With United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon’s global call for action to bring this summit to life, many state leaders are expected to attend. 5000 people are expected to attend this summit whichmultinational corporations, communities affected by the crisis, the private sector, international and national NGOs, youth, civil-military and academic world will be represented at the highest level.

All the three major objectives of the summit, supports UN Secretary General Ban Ki- Moon’s “ We are in the age of Mega Crisis” saying.

 

– To revitalize the humanitarian principles addiction to universality.

– By setting a concrete road map, help countries and communities be able to provide a better response to crisis and to be prepared.

– To save lives around the world, those affected by the humanitarian crisis be put in the center of action and to share best practices and innovations to alleviate pain.

After United Nations Development Summit: What will happen by 2030?

United Nations member countries in the Development Summit held September2015, agreedto the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SKH) that will helpto end poverty, to fight against inequality and injustice and to fight climate change by 2030.

UNDP Administrator Helen Clark view on the 2030 Agenda: “This agreement marks an important milestone for our world to be more inclusive and to be on a sustainable path. If we all work together, we can meet the requests related to citizens peace, prosperity, better living conditions and at the same time we get the chance to protect the earth. ”

While Sustainable Development Goals was being built on the Millennium Development Goals, inthe year 2000, Millennium Development Goals focused on a number of issues such as poverty, hunger, disease, gender inequality, to reduce the access to water and sanitation.Significant progress was achieved in the Millennium Development Goals. These advancements, goals, and reasonsdemonstrate the value of a supported binder for the purposes in the agenda.

But despite the progress, poverty still has not ended for everyone. New Global Goals and wider sustainability agenda goes beyond the Millennium Development Goals and to find the solution to the main reasons of poverty and providing development that is a universal need for everyone.

 

So what is the 17 Sustainable Development Goals?

 

– Firstly, to finish every form of poverty.

– To end hunger, and to ensure food security and healthy eating and to develop sustainable agriculture.

– To create healthy lives and to increase prosperity for everyone.

– Ensure inclusive and equitable quality of education and enhance lifelong learning opportunities for all.

– To strengthen all women and girls and to ensure the rule of gender equality.

– Provide access to water and sanitation for everyone.

– Provide everyone economic, reliable, sustainable and modern energy.

– To promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth and ensure a decent work and employment for all.

– To build a resistant infrastructure, to encourage production and innovation, and to encourage sustainable industrialization.

– Reducing inequality between countries and people.

– To make cities sustainable, inclusive, secure, and resilient.

– Ensure sustainable methods of production and manufacturing.

– Pass urgent action to combat climate change and its effects.

– Use the oceans in a sustainable way and to use and maintain maritime and marine resources.

– A sustainable way to manage the forests, to strive with desertification and land degradation to prevent the loss of bio- diversity.

– To promote fair, peaceful and inclusive societies.

– To revive global partnerships for sustainable development.

” Employment and Unemployment “, was the center of the World Economic Forum

The world’s largest 15 economies (G- 15), owns 65 percent of the total employment of our planet. Each year the World Economic Forum held in Davos, Switzerland, the increase in data, artificial intelligence and robots draws attention to the fact that the need of human labor is diminishing as the years pass.From health care to manufacturing, automation to the service provided by the multi-dimensional human being, in all areas that require modern technology, robots are preparing to take the stage. The estimate predicted by United Nations International Labor Organization; is that global unemployment in 2020 will increase by ten million.Research, predicts that 2 out of 3 of the jobs lost in the office and administrative sector is due to intelligent machines gradually becoming more effective in routine work.

This year’s theme of the Davos Summit held January 20-23 was ” The Fourth Industrial Revolution “. From Nanotechnology to robot technology, from biotechnology to three-dimensional printing, all the topics focused on the summit” Future of Works ” report gives the right clues to the future of the world.Even though in all sectorsit seems certain of the loss of jobs, the effect from one sector to another will differ.

The most negative impact was expected to be with the rise of telemedicine, in the health sector, it was followed by the energy and financial services. Women, in general, works in sectors that shows small rise and slowing sectors. This group is expected to lose the most jobs. Accordingly, each of the three men who lost their jobs, will find one job, where the status of women in the same situation being 5 to 1 .

Turkey is ranked # 72 in the Human Development Index

In 2015 Human Development Report was released on December 14 in Addis Ababa. This year’s main theme of the report was ‘ work ‘. According to the report, 3.2 billion of the 7.3 billion people in the world are employed, while 74 million; consisting of 204 million young people are unemployed. In the world about 830 million people earn less than $ 2 a day and more than1.5 billion people are deprived from good/safeworking conditions and social security.

Turkey ranks 72, among 188 countries (in the high human development category); last year Turkey was 69. Turkey scored the best in the area long life and the weakest area was access to information and lifelong learning.

Between 1980 and 2014 Turkey’s human development index value rose to 0.761 from 0.492. Turkey with this value is far below the European Union average of 0.867 and OECD average 0.882. In the Social Gender Inequality Index, Turkey ranked 71 among 155 countries.

2015 Nobel Prize in Economics was awarded to British economist Angus Deaton

British economist Angus Deaton was awarded this year ‘s Nobel Prize in Economics. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said in a statement, 70 -year-old Deaton was awarded for ” Analyses about Consumption, Poverty and Welfare “.

To strengthen the welfare andto create an economic policy to minimizepoverty the need to understand individual consumption preferencesit’s stated. Angus Deaton has spent more effort than anyone else to understand the individual consumer preferences. Deaton’s research that linkshis individual preferenceswith findings,has made a significant shift in the fieldsmicroeconomics, macroeconomics and development economics. “was said. Deaton also, was the owner of the award of8 million Swedish Krona (3 million Turkish Lira)

 

Who is Angus Deaton?

Deaton was born in Edinburgh in 1945. He graduated from Cambridge University and his PhD thesison “Consumer demand model and the implementation of these models in the UK” was completed in 1975. Deaton, in 1983, became a lecturer at Princeton University’s Department of Economics.

Deaton’s publication in 1980on Ideal Demand System (AIDS), ensured recognition throughout the world. In 1978 the Econometrics Community awarded Deaton with the Frisch Medal.  Deaton has been the chairman of the American Economic Association since 2007.

Deaton’s book “The Great Escape: Health, wealth and the origins of inequality”was published in 2013.